Kawasaki Z1 KZ900 Numbers Guide
Far more complex than it first appears…
Kawasaki Z1 engine and frame numbers
All Z1 & KZ900 frame numbers are stamped on the steering head. Additionally, in the USA & Canadian market, there is a white sticker on the steering head showing the frame number and the date of manufacture. The frame numbers will be in the following ranges.
1973 Z1 – Z1F-00001 through Z1F-19999
1974 Z1-A – Z1F-20000 through Z1F-47499
1975 Z1-B – Z1F-47500 through Z1F-85700
1976 KZ900-A4 – Z1F-85701 through Z1F-13xxxx for bikes manufactured in Japan
1976 KZ900-A4 – Z1F-500001 through Z1F-51xxxx for bikes assembled in Lincoln
1977 KZ900-A5 – Nebraska
Z1 & KZ900 engines have engine numbers stamped on the top right side crankcases on a raised area over the clutch. The engine numbers follow the same general range as the frame numbers. Frame and engine numbers were not matched at the factory, although most frame / engine number combinations are within 200 numbers. Most bikes have the engine number higher than the frame number, but this is not always true. We have records showing new bikes sold where the engine number is less than the frame number – although this is fairly rare.
While the frame and engine numbers are the best indication of the model and whether the engine has been replaced, these are not the only numbers to help validate an ‘authentic’ Z1.
So please read on…
On a number of Z1 components are date codes. For a bike assembled in June of 1973, it is reasonable to expect all of their parts to have been made in the current month (Jun 73), prior month (May 1973) or even two months back (April 1973). It is not reasonable for parts to have been made AFTER the build date. Yet on close inspection of numerous ‘restored’ bikes, it is obvious the restorer utilized factory replacement parts or parts from later models to replace marginal or damaged parts.
The following components all have date codes and on the numerous bikes we’ve inspected, all the original bikes have parts within the two month window, with most parts being within one month.
Swing arm codes
On the top right front of the swing arm, by the grease nipple, is a date code. This shows the date of manufacture for the swing arm. The code uses the format Y MM where the first number is the LAST digit of the year and the other numbers are the 1 or 2-digit month. For example: 3 12 is December 1973.
Rear Brake Torsion bar (chrome bar)
On the back of the chrome bar is a date code similar to the one on the swing arm. In this example, February 1975
Front disk rotor
The code on the rotor is more difficult to interpret. The first digit is numeric, the second is alpha.
The first letter of the code is another year code – it is based on the number of years in the reign of the Japanese Emperor Showa (also known as Showa Tenno Hirohito, who came to power in late 1926). The 47th year of the Emperor’s reign is 1972. So the code represents the last digit of the year. The second digit is a sequence number – probably a month code, although the letters are not consecutive. 8F in the picture is on a June 1973 Z1.
– 7x is 1972 (where x is an alpha code)
– 8x is 1973
– 9x is 1974
– 0x is 1975
– 1x is 1976
– 2x is 1977
With 8F codes, these disc rotors appear on 1973 Z1’s built in June and July 1973. So the F coded rotors were probably made in June or May 1973.
Handlebar switch blocks
On each handlebar switch block is another date code showing the date of manufacture. When the switch block is removed from the handlebars, the code is on the outside of the case facing the handlebar grip. The code uses the format Y MM where the first number is the LAST digit of the year and the other numbers are the 1 or 2-digit month. December of 1974 in the picture.
Did you know there were 130,718 Z1 and KZ900A models produced?
Of these, 21,344 were produced at the Kawasaki factory in Lincoln, Nebraska – with some of the components sourced in the USA(plastic side covers)
Chrome wheel rim
On each rim is yet another date code identifying the date of manufacture. This code uses the last letter of the year and a sequence code – probably a sequential date code. These two examples are from an early 75 bike on the left and a mid 74 bike on the right.
Ignition, steering and seat locks
All of the Z1, Z1-A and Z1-B motorcycles used a matching set of locks for the ignition switch, steering and seat locks – these ran in the series 751-755.
The KZ900 models (KZ900-A4, KZ900-A5 and KZ900-B1) use a wider range of numbers 751-760, 786-795. Additionally with the KZ900, the fuel tank used a lock, but this lock could be opened by any of the keys (and just about any screwdriver).
In 1975, Kawasaki began producing motorcycles in the USA. A new factory was built in Lincoln Nebraska to construct the KZ900. Engines and many of the parts were still made in Japan, but the bikes were assembled in the USA.
The LTD models were produced uniquely in the USA and only sold in North America. These LTD’s used some components made by USA companies – for example the exhaust was manufactured by Jardine, the shocks by Mulholland.